Sir Christopher Wren, the Man Who Rebuilt London After the Fire, Biography of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Father of Microbiology, Meet William Herschel: Astronomer and Musician, Biography of Isaac Newton, Mathematician and Scientist, A Biography of Michael Faraday, Inventor of the Electric Motor, Jan Ingenhousz: Scientist Who Discovered Photosynthesis, Biography of Charles Wheatstone, British Inventor and Entrepreneur, A History of the Ecological Sciences, Part 16: Robert Hooke and the Royal Society of London, Monuments and Microscopes: Scientific Thinking on a Grand Scale in the Early Royal Society, Robert Hooke's Family and His Youth: Some New Evidence from the Will of the Rev. In 1660, Robert … Bellis, Mary. Robert Hooke, native of the Isles of Wight in England, was a polymath and prolific scientist. Discovery of Cells The first time the word cell was used to refer to these tiny units of life was in 1665 by a British scientist named Robert Hooke. Hooke was, like many of the members of the Royal Society, wide-reaching in his interests. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. … Members during Hooke's day included Boyle, the architect Christopher Wren, and the natural philosophers John Wilkins and Isaac Newton; today, it boasts 1,600 fellows from around the world.. Robert Hooke, who also made contributions in the area of mechanics, optics, microscopy, paleontology and astronomy, was the worst of his rivals. Hooke's work on elasticity culminated, for practical purposes, in his development of the balance springor hairspring, which for the first time enabled a portable timepiece – a watch – to keep ti… Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Robert Hooke (July 18, 1635–March 3, 1703) was a 17th-century "natural philosopher"—an early scientist—noted for a variety of observations of the natural world. The Cell is the functional, basic and the smallest unit in the living organism that is capable of integrating the essential life processes. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. In 1665, he published Micrographia. Robert Hooke is also credited with the first use of the term ‘cell’ to mean an organism unit. New questions in Psychology "Biography of Robert Hooke, the Man Who Discovered Cells." By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Five years later, Hooke discovered his law of elasticity, which states that the stretching of a solid body (e.g., metal, wood) is proportional to the force applied to it. In 1665 he was appointed professor of geometry in Gresham College. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). English physicist Robert Hooke is known for his discovery of the law of elasticity (Hooke’s law), for his first use of the word cell in the sense of a basic unit of organisms (describing the microscopic cavities in cork), and for his studies of microscopic fossils, which made him an early proponent of a theory of evolution. In the 17th century, the English physicist Robert Hooke discovered plant cells while examining cork under a microscope. Interested in learning more about the microscopic world, scientist Robert Hooke improved the design of the existing compound microscope in 1665. Before Van Leeuwenhoek’s discovery of microorganisms in 1675, it had been a mystery why grapes could be turned into wine, milk into cheese, or why food would spoil. He then thought that cells only exist in plants and fungi. From Robert Hooke and his Micrographia cork cells to Watson’s and Crick’s DNA structure, renowned scientists from around the world have shaped the history of today’s microbiology.Hop on board to travel back in time to discover several famous biologists. In 1672 he discovered the phenomenon of diffraction (the bending of light rays around corners); to explain it, he offered the wave theory of light. Robert Hooke/Wikimedia Commons/Public domain. Hooke’s Law – he gave this law in 1678 which states that forceneeded to compress or expand the spring by some distance is proportional to distance. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It featured many drawings, some of which have been attributed to Christopher Wren, such as that of a detailed flea observed through the microscope. Hooke was the first person to use the word "cell" to identify microscopic structures when he was describing cork. Robert Hooke, an English scientist, discovered a honeycomb-like structure in a cork slice using a primitive compound microscope. He coined the term "cell" for these individual compartments he saw. Hooke's law describes elasticity, which is the ability for a material to return to its normal shape after forces causing a deformity are removed. He later went on to Oxford and, as a product of Westminster, entered Christ Church college, where he became the friend and laboratory assistant of Robert Boyle, best known for his natural law of gases known as Boyle's Law. The man behind the discovery of the biological cell was Robert Hooke. Dr. Robert Hooke – The English scientist who discovered the cell, the law of elasticity and observed Mars and Jupiter May 12, 2017 Tijana Radeska Dr. Robert Hooke was a genius; and if there is another word that describes someone as being above genius, it would be a title that belongs to Dr. Hooke. Despite the dispute between Hooke and Huygen, most scientists today credit Robert Hooke with the discover of the relationship of the spring, also known as Hooke's Law. One observation was from very thin slices of bottle cork. But that year, Robert Hooke published his groundbreaking Micrographia—a book that revealed this previously unseen and unknown world. English physicist Robert Hooke is known for his discovery of the law of elasticity (Hooke’s law), for his first use of the word cell in the sense of a basic unit of organisms (describing the microscopic cavities in cork), and for his studies of microscopic fossils, which made him an early proponent of a theory of evolution. The functional, basic and the smallest unit in the course of his work with first. A balance spring for watches, but Hooke was the first use of five! Interested in learning more about the microscopic world, scientist Robert Hooke published what become! 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